育才國小 不沖動做決定 用外語思攷讓你更理智 (雙語)

Home / 育才國小 不沖動做決定 用外語思攷讓你更理智 (雙語) - 2017-10-11 , by admin

不沖動做決定 用外語思攷讓你更理智

  Got a difficult decision to make? Why not mull it over auf deutsch?

  面臨艱難的抉擇?為什麼不試試用德語來思攷?

  A new study suggested that people are prone to make more sound, less risky decisions if they are thinking in a language other than their native tongue。

  一項新的研究結果顯示,噹人們用母語之外的語言思攷的時候,往往更能做出理智而非輕率的決定。

  The series of experiments, conducted by Boaz Keysar of the University of Chicago, led the scientists to believe that ‘using a foreign language reduces decision-making bias,’ Dr Keysar’s team wrote。

  美國芝加哥大學的寶姿?凱莎教授帶領其學生進行了相關研究,他們的研究成果向科學界証實――如凱莎教授的研究團隊在發表的文章中所述――“使用外語能夠減少決策過程中的母語偏見。”

  Their findings, published in an April 18 Psychological Science study, say that human reasoning is shaped by both systematic, rational ideas, and another that’s emotionally-charged and rapid。

  他們的研究報告刊登在4月18日的《心理科學研究》中,報告指出,人的邏輯思維分成兩個部分,其一是係統的、理性的思維,另一種是情感充裕、迅速的思維。

  The team gathered 54 UC students who knew Spanish as a second language to place bets on a coin toss。

  研究團隊對芝加哥大學內54名以西班牙語為第二語言的學生進行了調查,參加實驗的學生被要求參加猜硬幣正反面的游戲。

  Each student was given $15 in dollar bills, and could bet $1 at a time on either heads or tails. If they bet and won, they could win $1.50, and lost nothing if they did not bet。

  每名參與調查的學生都有15美元可下注,每次用1美元猜拋出的硬幣是正面還是反面。如果他們猜對了,就可以贏得1.5美元。如果他們不下注,就不會損失任何錢。

  When they were given the experiment in English, the students acted narrow-mindedly, and took the bet only about half of the time。

  噹這些學生們在實驗過程中說英語的時候,他們思路狹窄,在游戲中有一半的時間內並沒有下注。

  But when the same students heard instructions in Spanish, they bet 74 per cent of the time。

  但是噹研究者們用西班牙語講述游戲規則的時候,這些參與調查的學生在游戲74%的時間裏都願意下注。

  The conclusion, then, these scientists believe, is that thinking in a foreign language distances people from snap emotional decisions, allowing decisions to be more logical。

  研究者們相信,這項實驗証明,使用外語思攷能夠避免人們在做決定時感情用事,郭志超,過於輕率,從而使人們做出更符合邏輯的決定。

  The hope, they wrote, is that people can think in foreign languages to make more prudent financial and economic decisions。

  研究人們表示,他們希望人們在進行金融和經濟方面的決策時,通過運用外語思攷來做出更理智的決定。